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San Marino

The oldest republic in the world
The Serenissima Republic of San Marino is a small independent state, entirely included between the borders of the Italian Republic, has a territorial extension of only 61 km² populated by 32.00 inhabitants

It is one of the least populated of the Member States of the Council of Europe and the United Nations. The capital is San Marino City. Among the population is also widespread the dialect of Romagna. The inhabitants are called San Marino.

Since 2008, the historic centre of the City of San Marino and Mount Titano have been included by UNESCO among the World Heritage Sites, as "evidence of the continuity of a free republic since the Middle Ages.

Places of interest

Its medieval village, accessible through four "gates", contains the most important monuments and places of interest of the Titan

The three "pens", that is the medieval towers, symbol of San Marino, the Basilica of the Saint that preserves the relics of the one who founded the village, the Monastery of Santa Chiara, the Door and the Church of San Francesco, the district Ombrelli and the square of the Titan.

Particularly interesting is Piazza della Libertà, where there is Palazzo Pubblico, with an exceptional panoramic terrace.

History of the Republic

The independence of the Republic has ancient origins, which make San Marino the oldest republic in the world after the Roman one

Tradition dates back to September 3, 301 A.D., when Saint Marino, a Dalmatian stonemason from the island of Rab, escaped persecution of the Christians of the Roman emperor Diocletian, established a small Christian community on Mount Titano, the highest of the seven hills on which the Republic stands

The owner of the area, a rich woman from Rimini, donated the territory of Mount Titano to the small community, which called it in memory of the founder "Land of San Marino" that before dying, according to legend said to his followers the following sentence: "Relinquo vos liberos ab utroque homine" "I leave you free from one and the other man. That is, free from the Emperor and the Pope, sovereign of the Empire, one and the other of the Papal State.

These words are still today the foundation of the independence of the Republic, as testified by a document of a trial for the failure to collect taxes held in 1296 (about a thousand years after the death of the saint), at the convent of Valle Sant'Anastasio.

Still today, walking through the alleys of the ancient village, which can also be reached by a characteristic cable car, you can breathe the air of a long time ago. The suggestive view from the top of its fortresses is only one of the good reasons to visit the ancient Republic.

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